Senate Confirms Mark Esper as Secretary of Defense

July 23, 2019 Updated: July 23, 2019

WASHINGTON—The U.S. Senate on July 23 confirmed Army Secretary Mark Esper to be secretary of defense, ending the longest period by far that the Pentagon has been without a permanent top official.

The Senate backed Esper, a former soldier and lobbyist for weapons maker Raytheon Co., to be President Donald Trump’s second confirmed leader of the Pentagon by 90-8.

Esper, 55, received strong bipartisan support despite some sharp questioning during his confirmation hearing by Democratic Senator Elizabeth Warren about his ties to Raytheon and his refusal to extend an ethics commitment he signed in 2017 to avoid decisions involving the company.

Defense Secretary nominee Mark Esper
Defense Secretary nominee Mark Esper testifies before a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination in Washington, on July 16, 2019. (Erin Scott/Reuters)

Warren, a 2020 presidential hopeful, was the only member of the Senate Armed Services Committee to voice opposition to Esper’s confirmation during the hearing.

Raytheon is the third-largest U.S. defense contractor.

There has been no confirmed defense secretary since Jim Mattis resigned in December over policy differences with Trump. Many members of Congress from both parties had urged the Republican president to act urgently to fill the powerful position.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell called on members to support Esper as he opened the Senate on Tuesday morning.

“The nominee is beyond qualified. His record of public service is beyond impressive. His commitment to serving our service members if beyond obvious. And the need for a Senate-confirmed secretary of defense is beyond urgent,” McConnell said.

Four of the eight “No” votes came from senators who are running for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination: Cory Booker, Kirsten Gillibrand, Kamala Harris, and Amy Klobuchar.

Acting Defense Secretary Mark Esper, President Donald Trump and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford
Acting Defense Secretary Mark Esper, President Donald Trump and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Joseph Dunford watch as military aircraft fly over during the “Salute to America” ceremony in front of the Lincoln Memorial, in Washington, on July 4, 2019. (Sarah Silbiger/Getty Images)

An Army veteran, Esper had served as a congressional aide and a Pentagon official under Republican President George W. Bush before working for Raytheon. He has been Army secretary since November 2017.

Trump’s previous pick to be secretary of defense, former Boeing Co. executive Patrick Shanahan, withdrew from consideration on June 18 after reports emerged of domestic violence in his family.

By Patricia Zengerle

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